告別病媒蚊!Google 的 Verily 出手滅蚊,要用細菌降低生育率

夏天來了,最讓你印象深刻的,除了陽光沙灘,恐怕還有蚊子。
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A female Aedes aegypti  mosquito is shown in this 2006 Center for Disease Control (CDC) photograph released to Reuters on October 30, 2013. The mosquito, known to carry such potentially deadly diseases as dengue and yellow fever, has been detected for the first time in California, raising concerns among public health officials and prompting intense efforts to prevent the spread of the potentially deadly diseases. REUTERS/James Gathany/CDC/Handout via Reuters (UNITED STATES - Tags: HEALTH) ATTENTION EDITORS - THIS IMAGE HAS BEEN SUPPLIED BY A THIRD PARTY. IT IS DISTRIBUTED, EXACTLY AS RECEIVED BY REUTERS, AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS. FOR EDITORIAL USE ONLY. NOT FOR SALE FOR MARKETING OR ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS - RTX14UD6
A female Aedes aegypti mosquito is shown in this 2006 Center for Disease Control (CDC) photograph released to Reuters on October 30, 2013. The mosquito, known to carry such potentially deadly diseases as dengue and yellow fever, has been detected for the first time in California, raising concerns among public health officials and prompting intense efforts to prevent the spread of the potentially deadly diseases. REUTERS/James Gathany/CDC/Handout via Reuters (UNITED STATES - Tags: HEALTH) ATTENTION EDITORS - THIS IMAGE HAS BEEN SUPPLIED BY A THIRD PARTY. IT IS DISTRIBUTED, EXACTLY AS RECEIVED BY REUTERS, AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS. FOR EDITORIAL USE ONLY. NOT FOR SALE FOR MARKETING OR ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS - RTX14UD6
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原文刊登於 愛範兒 ,INSIDE 獲授權轉載。

夏天來了,最讓你印象深刻的,除了陽光沙灘,恐怕還有蚊子。

單單讓人渾身起包不得安睡就足以令人抓狂,偏偏有些蚊子還傳播病毒,實在是太難跟它做朋友了。

例如埃及斑蚊,這群得寸進尺的傢伙,在全球範圍內傳播茲卡病毒以及登革熱等疾病。最後它們把病毒帶到了加州,沒錯,矽谷所在的那個加州,正所謂惹誰都別惹科學家,可惜這些蚊子似乎並不懂這個道理。

最終,它們引來了 Verily 公司,而這家公司的前身,正是 Google X 研究室的 生命科學部門。

普通人遇到蚊子,無非只是點個蚊香噴個防蚊液揮個電蚊拍,再解決不了也只能心中默念阿彌陀佛。

生命科學公司遇到蚊子,思維和格局就不一樣了,開口就是:我要讓你們斷子絕孫!

而且這個名為 「Debug Fresno」 的滅門計劃,畫風也相當奇特。主要方針是以蚊攻蚊,形式是派出臥底,具體做法是找來一些公蚊子,為它們注射一種名為沃爾巴克氏體的細菌,然後在加州中部的弗雷斯諾市將它們放出,讓它們出去和母蚊子交配,母蚊子在交配後仍會產卵,但是由於沃爾巴克氏體的感染,蟲卵無法孵化,於是蚊子們的下一代數量將會銳減,慢慢等老蚊子死絕了,遊戲也就差不多結束了。

而之所以找公蚊子來當臥底,則是因為它們並不咬人,對人類無害。如此品性純良又能輕易深入 敵軍,天生就是塊做臥底的料。 整個過程沒有暴力沒有傷害, 殺蚊不見血。

其實在 2016 年 Verily 就已經嘗試過這個方法,這次它們將會和蟲害防治公司  MosquitoMate 以及當地政府機構合作,整個規模會是去年的 25 倍:在接下來的 20 週時間內,他們會每周在弗雷斯諾市的兩個社區放出 100 萬隻攜帶了沃爾巴克氏體的公蚊子。隨後他們會追蹤這兩個社區中成人人口密度以及蚊卵的孵化數量的比重,考察這 2000 萬大軍的效果。

可憐了蚊子,只能眼睜睜看著自己下一代連起跑線都摸不著。