目標終結癱瘓!意外截肢的物理教授主導上億美元計畫,打造人工脊髓

美國麻省理工學院極端仿生中心的研究員暨共同總監 Hugh Herr 教授最近接受 Outside 專訪,分享他和同事們展開的人工神經植入技術研究。
評論
Professor Hugh Herr, who heads the Biomechatronics research group at the MIT Media Lab, stands amid mannequins displaying various bionic limbs his lab has developed at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, Massachusetts April 4, 2014. The homemade bombs that ripped through the crowd at the finish line of last year's Boston Marathon, killing three people and injuring 264, showcased the city's medical talent but also taught valuable lessons in responding to a mass disaster. As victims slowly adjust to life without limbs, a ballroom dance instructor's story inspired the Massachusetts Institute of Technology biophysicist who is a double amputee to return her to the dance floor with a specially designed bionic leg. Picture taken April 4, 2014.  REUTERS/Brian Snyder  (UNITED STATES - Tags: SPORT ATHLETICS) - GM1EA4H1J5Z01
Professor Hugh Herr, who heads the Biomechatronics research group at the MIT Media Lab, stands amid mannequins displaying various bionic limbs his lab has developed at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, Massachusetts April 4, 2014. The homemade bombs that ripped through the crowd at the finish line of last year's Boston Marathon, killing three people and injuring 264, showcased the city's medical talent but also taught valuable lessons in responding to a mass disaster. As victims slowly adjust to life without limbs, a ballroom dance instructor's story inspired the Massachusetts Institute of Technology biophysicist who is a double amputee to return her to the dance floor with a specially designed bionic leg. Picture taken April 4, 2014. REUTERS/Brian Snyder (UNITED STATES - Tags: SPORT ATHLETICS) - GM1EA4H1J5Z01
評論

美國麻省理工學院極端仿生中心的研究員暨共同總監 Hugh Herr 教授最近接受 Outside 專訪,分享他和同事們展開的人工神經植入技術研究。

Herr 本身在 1982 年的登山發生意外,雙膝以下截肢,自此以後便大量投入於義肢相關技術開發,現在這項 2014 年開始, 投入 1 億美元的五年計畫出發點是希望透過連接人類神經與義肢,達成更流暢直覺的操作,讓一隻操作起來就像自己的肢體一樣。不過由於研究涉及神經植入技術,還可望應用在治療憂鬱、癱瘓、截肢、憂鬱、癱瘓、截肢、癲癇等等神經相關疾病。

另外,搭配光敏基因驅動的數位神經系統,可以用光來控制細胞,並將之替換掉,用在神經系統上一樣可望用來治療癱瘓及帕金森氏症。

世界衛生組織估計約一百萬人中,就有 40-80 名癱瘓患者,而這不過是極端仿生中心所關注的其中一項領域,若這項計畫真的成功,就能向 Herr 讓世上所有人都不再為癱瘓受苦的願景往前邁進一大步了。

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