馬斯克宣布特斯拉裁員 9%,外界對此好評連連 股價上漲

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本篇來自合作媒體  愛范兒  ,INSIDE 授權轉載。

6 月 12 日早上,馬斯克就做出了一個「艱難的決定」。馬斯克在 Twitter 上和一封發向全體員工的電子郵件中表示,特斯拉將裁員 9%。

近些年特斯拉飛速的擴張,也讓團隊成員的數量隨之飛速膨脹,特斯拉自己公佈的全球僱員人數已經超過了 30000 人,這還是在合併 SolarCity 太陽城之後裁員了 20% 的結果。

Tesla Inc. Model X P100D sports utility vehicle (SUV) Photo credit:  Getty Images

雖說更強大的人力團隊是每個成功企業的必備資源,但更多的人員結構也導致了特斯拉日益複雜的管理層級和減緩的溝通執行效率。

進入 2018 年以來,馬斯克對於最重要的工作部門採取了直管的方式,以便加速推進核心目標的完成,在今年 2 月,馬斯克直接負責了特斯拉的銷售部門,而 4 月份馬斯克睡工廠的消息,也印證了他開始直管工廠生產的傳言。

在上個月的公開信中,馬斯克已經明確了特斯拉將進一步精簡層級,減少供應商和不必要的駐廠人員,而已經在本週開始的裁員,只是上封信落下的第二隻靴子。

被裁掉的員工全部屬於固定薪酬職位,並且與生產崗位無關,在這個 Model 3 產能飆升的時候,馬斯克不允許生產出現一絲問題。

這番犧牲和努力,也與特斯拉希望在本年度實現盈利有關,開源和節流是永遠的法寶,通過更多的車型與產量進行開源之後,繼續提升人效也是節流的關鍵措施。

馬斯克也表示「說再見非常難」,將對每一位被裁員工提供可觀的薪酬以及股票賠償:「我們今天做出這一艱難的決定,是為了以後不再這樣做。」

不過與特斯拉決定的艱難不同,各界對特斯拉這一舉措做出評價就不難了,不信你看看股價。

附馬斯克郵件全文及中文翻譯

From: Elon Musk

Sent: Tuesday, June 12, 2018 10:27 AM

To: Everybody

Subject: Reorg Update

As described previously, we are conducting a comprehensive organizational restructuring across our whole company. Tesla has grown and evolved rapidly over the past several years, which has resulted in some duplication of roles and some job functions that, while they made sense in the past, are difficult to justify today.

As part of this effort, and the need to reduce costs and become profitable, we have made the difficult decision to let go of approximately 9% of our colleagues across the company. These cuts were almost entirely made from our salaried population and no production associates were included, so this will not affect our ability to reach Model 3 production targets in the coming months.

Given that Tesla has never made an annual profit in the almost 15 years since we have existed, profit is obviously not what motivates us. What drives us is our mission to accelerate the world's transition to sustainable, clean energy, but we will never achieve that mission unless we eventually demonstrate that we can be sustainably profitable. That is a valid and fair criticism of Tesla's history to date.

This week, we are informing those whose roles are impacted by this action. We made these decisions by evaluating the criticality of each position, whether certain jobs could be done more efficiently and productively, and by assessing the specific skills and abilities of each individual in the company. As you know, we are also continuing to flatten our management structure to help us communicate better, eliminate bureaucracy and move faster.

In addition to this company-wide restructuring, we have decided not to renew our residential sales agreement with Home Depot in order to focus our efforts on selling solar power in Tesla stores and online. The majority of Tesla employees working at Home Depot will be offered the opportunity to move over to Tesla retail locations.

I would like to thank everyone who is departing Tesla for their hard work over the years. I'm deeply grateful for your many contributions to our mission. It is very difficult to say goodbye. In order to minimize the impact, Tesla is providing significant salary and stock vesting (proportionate to length of service) to those we are letting go.

To be clear, Tesla will still continue to hire outstanding talent in critical roles as we move forward and there is still a significant need for additional production personnel. I also want to emphasize that we are making this hard decision now so that we never have to do this again.

To those who are departing, thank you for everything you have done for Tesla and we wish you well in your future opportunities. To those remaining, I would like to thank you in advance for the difficult job that remains ahead. We are a small company in one of the toughest and most competitive industries on Earth, where just staying alive, let alone growing, is a form of victory (Tesla and Ford remain the only American car companies who haven't gone bankrupt). Yet, despite our tiny size , Tesla has already played a major role in moving the auto industry towards sustainable electric transport and moving the energy industry towards sustainable power generation and storage. We must continue to drive that forward for the good of the world.

Thanks, Elon

與之前溝通過的一樣,我們公司正在進行全面的組織重組。在過去的幾年中,特斯拉取得了迅速的成長與進化,這也帶來了工作職位和職能的重複,一些在過去被證明是有價值的工作,在今天卻很難被保留。

作為這一現象的結果,以及為了更好地降低成本實現盈利,我們做出了一個艱難的決定,那就是解僱公司大約 9% 的同事。這些職位全部屬於特斯拉的固定薪酬崗位,並不會涉及到與生產相關的人員,因此這並不會影響到我們未來幾個月 Model 3 的產能目標。

考慮到在特斯拉之前的 15 年歷史中我們從未實現過年度盈利,可以說利潤並不是我們的首要動力,畢竟我們的核心使命是加速世界向可持續能源的轉變。但實現可持續的盈利是我們實現這一使命的必經途徑,同時盈利也是對特斯拉迄今為止一切努力的合理且公正的回報。

我們將在本週通知所有受到裁員影響的人。我們將通過評估每個職位的必要性來做出最終的決定。我們將評判一項工作能否可以更高效、更有效的進行,以及評判每個人員的技能與能力水平。我們的目標是繼續精簡我們的管理結構,以幫助我們更好地溝通,減少官僚主義的影響並提升我們的行動速度。

除了特斯拉公司內的重組,我們決定不在與 Home Depot 繼續簽訂住宅配套的太陽能銷售協議,我們將集中精力在特斯拉直營店在在線商城中銷售太陽能,絕大多數在 Home Depot 工作的特斯拉員工將有機會獲得在特斯拉直營店工作的機會。

我要感謝所有因此離開特斯拉的人,感謝他們這些年來付出的辛勤勞動,說再見真的很難,為了減少裁員帶來的遺憾,我們將為所有被裁員員工提供可觀的薪酬和股票作為補償。

必須要指出的是,隨著特斯拉的進一步發展,我們還將會招聘優秀的人才來填充我們的關鍵崗位,同時特斯拉也需要大量的生產人員。我們今天做出這個艱難的決定,只是為了以後不必再做出相同的決定。

對於將要離開的各位同仁,我要感謝你們為特斯拉所做的一切,我祝愿你們在未來一切順利。而對於留下的同事們,我也要提前感謝你們即將做出的艱苦努力。我們是地球上最具挑戰性和最具難度的行業中的一家小公司,不用說發展,即便是能活下來就是一種勝利。(特斯拉和福特還是美國汽車界僅有的沒有破產過的公司)但除去規模之外,特斯拉已經在推動汽車行業轉向可持續能源、推動新能源行業發展和儲能行業發展方面發揮了重要作用。我們必須為了世界去加速這種轉變。

謝謝你們,伊隆。

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